Space Planning Terms used in Interior Décor

Master the art of space planning with essential terms. From furniture layout to sustainability, explore how these terms shape interior design projects.

Understanding space planning terms is essential to master the art of creating functional and aesthetically pleasing spaces. From optimizing space utilization to incorporating ergonomic principles, these terms serve as the foundation for successful interior design projects.

Whether you are a seasoned designer or an aspiring enthusiast, this authoritative guide will equip you with the knowledge and expertise to navigate the complexities of space planning with confidence.

Space Utilization

Terms related to optimizing the use of available space in interior design.

  1. Circulation: The flow of movement within a space to ensure easy navigation and functionality.
  2. Floor Area Ratio (FAR): The ratio of a building’s total floor area to the size of the plot it sits on, determining the intensity of development allowed.
  3. Space Efficiency: Maximizing functionality and utility within limited space while maintaining aesthetics.
  4. Square Footage: The total area measured in square feet, used for determining space requirements and costs.
  5. Zoning: Dividing a space into designated areas for specific functions or activities.

Furniture Layout

Terms related to arranging furniture within a space.

  1. Anthropometrics: The study of human body measurements to determine furniture dimensions and spatial requirements for comfort and usability.
  2. Focal Point: A visually prominent element, such as a fireplace or artwork, that draws attention and influences furniture placement.
  3. Furniture Spacing: Determining the appropriate distance between furniture pieces for a balanced and functional layout.
  4. Traffic Patterns: Planning the paths of movement around furniture to ensure efficient circulation.

Functional Zones

Terms related to dividing spaces into functional areas.

  1. Activity-Based Zones: Designating areas for specific activities, like work, relaxation, or dining.
  2. Open Plan: A layout without physical barriers, promoting flexibility and a sense of openness.
  3. Private Zone: A secluded area within a space, providing privacy for personal activities.
  4. Public Zone: An open area suitable for social interactions and gatherings.


Terms related to designing spaces for optimal human interaction and comfort.

  1. Accessibility: Ensuring that spaces are easy to access and use for individuals of all abilities.
  2. Ergonomic Furniture: Furniture designed with consideration for human posture and comfort during use.
  3. Sightlines: The visual lines within a space that affect the placement of objects and furniture for better functionality.
  4. User-Centric Design: Prioritizing the needs and preferences of the occupants in space planning.

Space Partitioning

Terms related to dividing spaces into separate areas.

  1. Bi-fold Door: A door that folds in the middle, allowing for a wider opening and space division when needed.
  2. Dividers: Partitions used to separate areas without completely enclosing them.
  3. Pocket Door: A sliding door that disappears into a cavity within the wall, saving space.
  4. Shoji Screen: A Japanese-style partition made of translucent paper or wood, providing privacy and diffused light.

Flexibility and Adaptability

Terms related to creating versatile spaces that can be easily modified.

  1. Modular Furniture: Furniture designed as separate units that can be combined or rearranged to suit changing needs.
  2. Multi-functional Space: An area that serves multiple purposes or can be adapted for various activities.
  3. Retractable Walls: Movable walls that can be opened or closed to create flexible room configurations.
  4. Versatile Storage: Storage solutions designed to accommodate various items and adapt to changing storage needs.

Building Codes and Regulations

Terms related to legal requirements for space planning.

  1. Egress: The exit path required to evacuate safely from a building in case of emergencies.
  2. Fire Safety Regulations: Guidelines for designing spaces with fire-resistant materials and proper escape routes.
  3. Occupancy Load: The maximum number of people allowed in a space, determined by building codes.
  4. Zoning Laws: Local regulations that dictate how a property can be used and developed.

Light and Ventilation

Terms related to incorporating light and air circulation in space planning.

  1. Daylighting: The strategic use of natural light to illuminate interior spaces and reduce reliance on artificial lighting.
  2. Skylight: A window on the roof, bringing natural light into interior spaces.
  3. Ventilation Design: Planning for adequate air exchange to maintain a healthy indoor environment.
  4. Window Treatments: Coverings such as curtains and blinds used to control light and privacy.

Green Spaces and Sustainability

Terms related to environmentally friendly and sustainable space planning.

  1. Biophilic Design: Incorporating natural elements and greenery to create a connection to the outdoors.
  2. LEED Certification: A rating system that evaluates a building’s environmental performance and sustainability.
  3. Sustainable Materials: Eco-friendly materials with minimal environmental impact, such as recycled or renewable resources.
  4. Zero Waste Design: Design principles aimed at reducing waste and promoting recycling and upcycling.

Technology Integration

Terms related to incorporating technology in space planning.

  1. Home Automation: Integrating smart devices and systems to control lighting, climate, and security.
  2. Power Outlets and USB Ports: Strategically placed electrical outlets and USB ports for convenient device charging.
  3. Smart Lighting: Automated lighting systems that adjust based on occupancy or time of day.
  4. Wire Management: Concealing wires and cables for a neat and clutter-free appearance.


Terms related to controlling sound within a space.

  1. Acoustic Panels: Sound-absorbing panels used to reduce noise and improve sound quality.
  2. Noise Reduction Coefficients (NRC): A measure of how well a material absorbs sound.
  3. Soundproofing: Implementing measures to prevent sound transmission between spaces.
  4. White Noise: Background noise used to mask unwanted sounds and create a more pleasant acoustic environment.

Aesthetics and Ambiance

Terms related to creating a visually appealing and inviting atmosphere.

  1. Color Scheme: The selection and coordination of colors to evoke a desired mood or style.
  2. Interior Styling: The process of adding decorative elements and accessories to enhance the overall appearance of a space.
  3. Mood Lighting: Lighting design that sets the ambiance and creates a specific emotional response.
  4. Textures and Patterns: Incorporating varied textures and patterns to add visual interest and depth to a space.

Space Planning Software

Terms related to computer tools used in space planning.

  1. CAD (Computer-Aided Design): Software for creating detailed 2D and 3D models of interior spaces.
  2. Space Planning Apps: Mobile applications that assist in layout and furniture arrangement.
  3. Virtual Reality (VR): Technology that allows users to experience and interact with a virtual representation of a space.
  4. Workflow Management Tools: Software to facilitate collaboration and communication in the space planning process.

Material Selection

Terms related to choosing materials for interior design.

  1. Natural Materials: Materials derived from renewable sources, such as wood, bamboo, and cork.
  2. Recycled Content: Materials made from reclaimed or recycled materials to reduce environmental impact.
  3. Synthetic Materials: Man-made materials like laminate, vinyl, and acrylic that offer durability and versatility.
  4. Texture and Finish: The surface characteristics of materials, contributing to the overall look and feel of a space.

15: Design Concepts

Terms related to fundamental principles in space planning.

  1. Balance: Achieving visual equilibrium in a space by distributing elements harmoniously.
  2. Harmony: A coherent and unified design that creates a sense of completeness.
  3. Proportion: The relative size and scale of elements in a space to maintain visual balance.
  4. Rhythm: Repetition or progression of design elements to create visual interest and flow.

Client Collaboration

Terms related to working with clients in space planning projects.

  1. Briefing: Gathering information and understanding client requirements and preferences.
  2. Design Proposal: Presenting the initial space planning concepts and ideas to the client.
  3. Mood Boards: Visual representations of design concepts, materials, and color schemes to convey the overall vision.
  4. Project Timeline: A schedule outlining key milestones and deadlines for the space planning process.

Cost Estimation

Terms related to budgeting and cost analysis in space planning.

  1. Cost Breakdown: A detailed itemization of expenses associated with the space planning project.
  2. Life Cycle Costing: Evaluating the long-term costs of materials and systems over their useful lifespan.
  3. Value Engineering: Identifying cost-effective alternatives to meet design goals without compromising quality.
  4. Vendor Quotations: Price quotes from suppliers and contractors for various materials and services.

Interior Design Styles

Terms related to different design aesthetics in space planning.

  1. Contemporary: A current and fluid design style characterized by clean lines and a neutral color palette.
  2. Industrial: Utilizing raw materials, exposed structures, and a blend of vintage and modern elements.
  3. Minimalist: A simple and clutter-free approach focusing on essential elements and a limited color palette.
  4. Traditional: Embracing classic and ornate elements, often inspired by historical designs and patterns.

Concept Visualization

Terms related to presenting design concepts to clients.

  1. 3D Rendering: Photorealistic visualizations of the space to showcase design intent and spatial layout.
  2. Concept Sketches: Hand-drawn or digital sketches illustrating preliminary design ideas.
  3. Mockups: Physical or digital prototypes of furniture or design elements for client feedback.
  4. Virtual Tours: Interactive presentations allowing clients to navigate and explore the proposed design virtually.

Project Management

Terms related to overseeing the space planning process.

  1. Change Orders: Written modifications to the original project scope, budget, or schedule.
  2. Quality Control: Ensuring that the final design and construction meet the required standards.
  3. Site Supervision: On-site management to coordinate contractors and ensure project progress.

The strategic utilization of space, incorporation of ergonomic elements, and adherence to building codes are just a few crucial aspects that make a design successful. As experienced professionals in the interior décor industry, our understanding of these terms enables us to craft harmonious and efficient spaces that cater to the unique needs and preferences of our clients.

With this knowledge, you too can transform spaces into functional, sustainable, and visually captivating environments. Embrace the art of space planning, and let it unleash your creative prowess in interior design.

Leave a Comment